The range of animals and plants living in an area is a key indicator a healthy environment. Evolution takes place over millions of years and is based on environmental adaptation. Biodiversity brings resilience to an ecosystem and secures longterm survival of species. Where an area is subjected to environmental stress species may be lost rapidly. The recovery may take many years or the species may even go extinct and be lost forever!
Survival of the fittest means the most harmonious adaptation of a species to its niche without compromising another species.
"Peaceful coexistence, not struggle, is the rule in our Darwinian world. The peaceful coexistence between species, which results from evolution by natural selection, has to be understood as an important fact in the workings of the great ecosystems around us", Paul Colinvaux, Why Big Fierce AnimalsAre Rare
What do you know about these species?
Click on the images to learn more about each individual species.